New Greenpeace report ranks seafood retailer and seafood choices
Posted by Teri Shore on June 17th, 2008
Today Greenpeace published a seafood report that ranks seafood sellers such as Whole Foods and Wild Oats for environmental soundness of their fish counter. It takes the concept of the seafood card produced by other organizations to a new level -- providing details on fish species and the stores that sell them.
We think it is a huge milestone for the oceans and for groups like ours who continue to question seafood consumption. Check out the Greenpeace website.
STRP plans to use this information along with what we know about the demise of sea turtles for swordfish and other species to identify and hopefully work with seafood retailers who want to provide fish lovers with only the very best options.
California Assembly Supports Sea Turtle Protection
Posted by Teri Shore on June 10th, 2008
On a strong party-line vote, the California Assembly voted to support protection of sea turtles along the West Coast over the opening of deadly new longline swordfish fisheries. Assembly Joint Resolution 62 authored by Assemblyman Mark Leno passed easily off the Floor on Monday. It is now headed for the Senate.
However, it also appears that the single permit applicant, Peter DuPuy and his wife Karen, are attempting to thwart the state's efforts to protect marine biodiversity. They have riled up the anti-environmental minority in the Assembly to oppose the resolution in the name of seafood industry profits for a single fisherman and his cronies.
Yet the science speaks for itself: leatherback sea turtles are on the verge of extinction and every one we lose to longline fishing to serve the luxury food market for expensive swordfish (usually $20 per pound or more) is another step toward their disappearnce. We've never had a longline fishery along the California coast and we know there is no good reason to open one.
Those who support us are urged to sign the petition supporting West Coast Sea Turtle Protection and opposing the new longlline fisheries.
Here's the vote tally in the Assembly:
MEASURE: AJR 62
TOPIC: West Coast sea turtle protection.
LOCATION: ASM. FLOOR
MOTION: AJR 62 LENO Assembly Third Reading
(AYES 45. NOES 27.) (PASS)
Arambula Beall Berg Blakeslee
Brownley Caballero Carter Coto
Davis De La Torre De Leon DeSaulnier
Dymally Eng Evans Feuer
Fuentes Furutani Galgiani Hancock
Hayashi Hernandez Huffman Jones
Karnette Krekorian Leno Levine
Lieber Lieu Ma Mendoza
Mullin Nava Nunez Parra
Portantino Ruskin Salas Saldana
Solorio Swanson Torrico Wolk
Adams Anderson Berryhill Cook
DeVore Duvall Emmerson Fuller
Gaines Garcia Garrick Houston
Huff Jeffries Keene La Malfa
Maze Nakanishi Niello Plescia
Sharon Runner Silva Smyth Spitzer
Tran Villines Walters
ABSENT, ABSTAINING, OR NOT VOTING
Aghazarian Benoit Charles Calderon Horton
Laird Price Soto Strickland
Tagging sharks in Cocos Island, June 08
Posted by Randall Arauz on
|Allan Bolaños, Ilena Zanela and Randall Arauz, on board the Proteus of Marviva|
This is unbelievable, but I'm in Cocos Island and I have internet access! I'm on board the Proteus, a surveillance boat owned by Marviva, a Costa Rican marine conservation organization that fights to protect Cocos Island. The goal is to tag fifteen sharks with acoustic tags, deploy two acoustic receivers, and tag 6 sharks with satellite telemetry. I'm part of a team of researchers from Marviva, the Malpelo Foundation of Colombia, the Charles Darwin Foundation of Ecuador, and of course, Pretoma (the sister organziation of TIRN). We are also accompanied by colleagues of the University of Costa Rica. The expedition is funded by Conservation International-Walton Foundation.
Marviva: Cindy Fernández
Malpelo Foundation: Sandra Bessudo and German Soler
Charles Darwin Foundation: Alex Hearn
Pretoma: Randall Arauz, Allan Bolaños, Ilena Zanela
We left San José (the Capital of Costa Rica) last Friday, and took a long 10 hour bus ride to Golfito, close to the border with Panama. Usually the trip takes 6 hours, but the main road had been wiped out by the recent storms. We were expecting our colleagues from Colombia to be flown into Golfito during the afternoon, so we could depart that evening, but again, the storms delayed thier flight until saturday morning. We didn't start our 36 hour boat ride to Cocos Island until then, and finally arrived to the island today, this afternoon.
At Pretoma we have been tagging hammerhead sharks in Cocos Island with acoustic tags for 4 years, underwater with scuba gear. The big challenge now will be tagging the sharks with satellite tags (called SPLASH tags), which will require the sharks to be caught, and decked by means of a cradle. This will be exciting!
Tomorrow (monday morning) we will do our first dive in Manuelita, one of the most popular dive sites, and we hear there is plenty of hammerhead shark activity. Tomorrow night Allan and I will go set a fishing line with 15 hooks, and will attempt to catch a shark. I'll let you know how it goes! Stay tuned!
Directly from Cocos Island!
Kemp's Ridley Nestings are the World's Best Kept Secret!
Posted by Carole Allen, Gulf Office Director on
I'm not sure what Texas media is waiting for! Within the last week, several records were broken. More endangered Kemp's ridley sea turtles came on Texas beaches than ever recorded on one day (23) and the number of ridleys nesting broke last year's record of 128 and zoomed to 161 nests. And, in addition to that, a rare leatherback nest was found at the Padre Island National Seashore.
This nesting is the first recorded since the 1930s!
Although a Houston Chronicle reporter is working on a story and the ABC TV channel in Houston has called for more information, nothing has been seen or heard about the Kemp's ridley history making year since a nest was found on Bolivar Peninsula near Galveston on April 25. It's time the voice of the turtle was heard in the land!
High Fuel Prices May Be Good for Oceans and Sea Turtles
Posted by Michael Milne on May 29th, 2008
Unless you live under a rock (and use one of those foot-powered Fred Flintstone cars), you’ve probably noticed that gas prices have gone up, way up. Today we hear what may be one of several silver linings about the end of “cheap” energy--news that the increasing fuel costs may reduce overfishing in the world’s ocean.
See Longliners idle in port, citing fuel costs.
See fuel prices leading to less longlining.
In case you don’t know, recent studies are predicting a global fishery collapse by about 2045 (and I’m surprised that they predict it that far into the future). Most scientists agree that the global ill of overfishing is at least partially due to overcapacity, a reality that is perpetuated by subsidies.
I have always felt that the WTO negotiations over the reduction of fishing subsidies hold great promise to cure overfishing. Now, with high fuel prices, they hold even more importance.
How much do we spend on fuel subsidizing the decimation of our fish and turtles?
Estimated fuel subsidy for some of the developed countries
Country (US$/Litre) Litres (million) Total cost US$ millions/yr
Australia 0.20 205 41
France *0.14 673 94
Greece *0.20 68 14
Hong Kong 0.40 155 62
Japan 0.25 4,459 1,115
Spain 0.10 1,259 122
Taiwan1 0.09 1,329 120
USA 0.06 3,010 184
Total 1,752 million dollars!!!
FUEL SUBSIDIES TO GLOBAL FISHERIES:
MAGNITUDE AND IMPACTS ON RESOURCE SUSTAINABILITY1
Ussif Rashid Sumaila1, Louise Teh1, Reg Watson1, Peter Tyedmers2 and Daniel Pauly1
Fisheries Centre, Aquatic Ecosystems Research Laboratory (AERL), University of British Columbia.
2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC., V6T 1Z4, Canada
School for Resource and Environmental Studies (SRES), Faculty of Management,
Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Kemp's Ridley Nestings Closing on Last Year's Record!
Posted by Carole Allen, Gulf Office Director on May 23rd, 2008
The finding of seven new Kemp's ridley sea turtles nests on the Texas coast on Thursday, May 29, brings the 2008 total to 101. Last year 128 nests were found and with more time left in the nesting season, that record will surely be broken.
With record numbers of Kemp's ridleys returning to the Mexican nesting beach at Rancho Nuevo, Mexico, it looks like a promising year in the Kemp's ridley struggle to survive following near extinction in the mid-80s. Stay tuned for more exciting developments.
Plan to block tuna fishing welcomed
Posted by Teri Shore on May 22nd, 2008
ENVIRONMENTAL groups have welcomed a decision by eight Pacific nations to block tuna fishing in pockets of international waters. See the story or keep reading.
A meeting in Palau of 17 Pacific countries, including Australia, yesterday noted the plan to stop boats from fishing for tuna in two large areas of international waters.
The so-called "doughnut holes" were identified as having been plundered by tuna fishermen.
One is north of Papua New Guinea, and the other is further east.
The plan to protect the areas was agreed to by the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu.
From June 15, all tuna vessels licensed to fish in their waters will be banned from taking tuna in the two areas.
Boats entering the protected waters from any of the eight signatory countries will have to carry fisheries observers on board at all times.
The move was prompted by fears that many stocks of valuable tuna species such as yellow fin and big eye are being fished at unsustainable levels.
"This is an historic moment in fisheries management in the region," said Greenpeace oceans campaigner Jason Collins.
"The Australian Government support for Pacific Island countries taking such a bold step was helpful, but we need to see Australia taking a leadership role in ensuring that these areas of international waters are closed to fishing.
Greenpeace oceans campaigner Lagi Toribau said vessels determined to get into the doughnut holes could, in theory, still enter via the seas of countries that had not signed up, such as Fiji.
"That will be part of a bigger fight the eight countries take to Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission meeting in December," he said.
He said while the fishing restrictions could push up the price of tuna, sustainable fishing would mean more stable prices in the long term.
Reward For Reporting Sea Turtle Mutilation
Posted by Carole Allen on May 19th, 2008
History was made again on the Texas coast on May 16 when the most Kemp's ridley nests found on any single day was recorded. Nineteen nests were found including nine at the Padre Island National Seashore, five on South Padre Island; three on Boca Chica Beach, one on Mustang Island and one on San Jose Island. This was the most Kemp's ridley nests documented on the Texas coast in a single day since record-keeping began in 1980, according to Dr. Donna Shaver, Chief, Division of Sea Turtle Science and Recovery. Padre Island National Seashore,National Park Service. So far this year, 78 Kemp's ridley nests have been confirmed on the Texas coast.
Unfortunately, at least 12 possible cases of mutilation to have been recorded including a sea turtle at the National Seashore on May 8 with all flippers and its head cut off plus removal of internal organs. I contacted federal law enforcement and asked for an investigation into this inhumane finding. Although sharks are known to attack sea turtles, an investigation is needed to prove that it was a shark attack.
Thousands of dollars of reward money are available from the federal government if a report of killing an endangered sea turtle leads to arrest and prosecution. Anyone having information about the killing of a sea turtle should call the NOAA law enforcement Hotline (800) 853-1964 and report it.
Costa Rican shrimp safe for turtles?
Posted by Randall Arauz on May 13th, 2008
Last May 1st, the US government announced that it had certified 40 nations as meeting the requirements set by Section 609 of PL 101-162 for continued importation of shrimp into the United States, including Costa Rica. Ironically, as the US acknowledged the Costa Rican shrimp industry for protecting turtles, 13 artisinal fishing organization and PRETOMA filed suit against the Costa Rican Fisheries Institute INCOPESCA, for failure to enforce TED regulations and cause the deaths of at least 10,000 sea turtles per year. I have been working on this issue for over a decade, and know by experience that a US certification only means that on the day of the announced inspection, TEDs were installed during port inspections. Costa Rica has already been slapped with 3 embargoes since 1999 for failure to use TEDs. When the last embargo was imposed in 2005, inspectors busted 3 shrimp vessels cheating, on the day of the announced inspection! According to US law, to obtain a certification countries must have a comparable turtle conservation program (shrimp trawlers must use TEDs). The 13 fishing organizations and PRETOMA filed suit because 17 vessels have been captured without TEDS over the last 3.5 years, and not a single one has been sanctioned. Is this a comparable program? Do boats ever get busted in the US? If they do, do they ever pay fines? If so, then there is no way in which the Costa Rican program is comparable to the US program, and thus, the US must impose the embargo, as Costa Rican shrimp trawlers are killing turtles.
Posted by Mike Milne on May 12th, 2008
Here's a video I use to recharge my batteries.
Kemp's ridleys nesting on the upswing
Posted by Carole Allen on May 7th, 2008
Things are still looking good for the Kemp's ridley nesting season on Texas beaches. As of today (May 7), 48 nests have been found compared with 28 a year ago. In response to several dead sea turtles being found on the beaches and requests from the STRP Gulf Office, both federal and state law enforcement have gone into action boarding shrimp boats checking for Turtle Excluder Devices. The Gulf of Mexico commercial shrimp season for both state and federal waters will close from 30 minutes after sunset on Thursday, May 15, until an unspecified date in July. The closing and opening date is based on samples collected by Texas Parks and Wildlife Coastal Fisheries Division using trawls, bag seines and information gathered from the shrimping industry.
The closure is designed to allow small shrimp to grow to a larger more valuable size before they are vulnerable to harvest, according to Dr. Larry McKinney, TPWD coastal fisheries division director.
The sea turtles and every other creature that dies in shrimp trawls as untargeted species will benefit greatly from the closure.
Longlines: Trap lines of the Ocean
Posted by Michael Milne on May 5th, 2008
|(c) Doug Perrine/Seapics.com|
Imagine a 40-mile trap line strung out across the landscape like the telephone wires and power lines that crisscross the forests and deserts of your country. Every 250 feet or so, imagine a baited trap sitting ready to snare any animal that attempted to take a bite of what appears to be an easy meal. Imagine if companies set out trap lines and caught grizzly bears, wolves, lynx, moose, badgers, cougars, wolverines, and other wildlife in the Rocky Mountains, the Sierra Nevada Mountain Range, or the Cascades.
This is what longline fishing would look like on land.
Imagine the response! People would go ballistic!
I thought of this “metaphor” the past week when I was lucky enough to attend Patagonia's "Grassroots Tools" conference in South Lake Tahoe, CA. While in Tahoe, I was struck by the beauty of the Sierra Nevada Mtns. I felt immediately connected to the snowfield-dotted peaks and the streams swollen with springtime runoff. Anyone would be hard pressed not to feel the power of that place and the urge to protect it from the threats of a clearcut, or a strip-mine, or a golf course.
It also got me thinking about one of the challenges facing Ocean advocates: the ocean is often a much more difficult place to visit. For many people who don't have the opportunity to get out onto the water, or go to the coast, it can be a bit of an abstract relationship. I cannot tell you how many times people have expressed shock and sheer delight at how beautiful sea turtles, whales, and some of the other marine wildlife actually are in real life. It is hard to imagine! (Thank goodness for snorkeling...)
Think about longlines as trap lines of the ocean next time you or someone you know considers eating some swordfish. It may make you or them think twice.
Brazil and Costa Rica have lots of potential for joint work
Posted by Randall Arauz on May 1st, 2008
I was recently invited by the AVINA Foundation, to visit Brazil and share my marine conservation experiences with local scientists and activists. During my stay (April 21 -28) I met Jose Truda who leads efforts to protect right whales, Joa Batista, a community leader in El Faro de Santa Marta who struggles to preserve the cultural identity of his community as well as the surrounding natural resources, Jorge Kotas of CEPSUL, a branch of the Ministry of Environment in charge of marine resource conservation, Guy Marcovaldi, the national coordinator of Projeto TAMAR, Brazil’s famous and successful sea turtle conservation program, as well as several of TAMAR’s researchers and biologists who work at different stations, such as César Augusto Da Silva who directs TAMAR’s project in Sergipe, and Gilberto Sales, one of TAMAR’s fishery biologists.
Not surprisingly, our colleagues in Brazil suffer the same issues. Overfishing, unsustainable coastal development, by catch issues, destruction of wetlands for shrimp farming, and shark finning. Even though there are many areas of potential collaboration, there are two fields I feel that PRETOMA could really help out. The first one is Turtle Excluder Devices, or TEDs. In Sergipe, the main problem for turtle conservation is identified as incidental catch by shrimp trawlers. There is an opportunity to work with these fishermen and teach them how to use them. The other field in which we could assist is the development of a national campaign against shark finning.
We could also really use TAMAR’s experience with environmental education and community involvement. At PRETOMA, we are now trying to consolidate a stretch of 30 km of beach which includes 5 nesting beaches. We could use TAMAR’s experience to develop an environmental interpretation center, designed to provide labor opportunities for members of these communities.
Share your sea turtle encounters here!
Posted by Teri Shore on April 30th, 2008
Seems that many people I meet, whether at a conference, on a hike, on a sunset cruise or a random encounter, have had a sea turtle experience. I just returned from an environmental health conference where one of the organizers told me she was swimming in La Jolla (near San Diego) when two sea turtles suddenly appeared: one small and one large. It was surprising since she had never seen them in all of her years of swimming there. They could have been greens, loggerheads or maybe even an olive ridley?
On our recent sunset cruise on the Adventure Cat, Captain Hans said he's spotted the rare leatherback once or twice outside the Golden Gate. And an Australian woman on board that night was a sea turtle lover whose goal is to visit every sea turtle nesting site in the world!
Other friends and acquaintenances have told me of seeing green turtles in Hawaii.
I've seen Kemp's ridleys in the hatcheries in Galveston and a loggerhead (I think) from off a shrimping dock in Georgia.
The sea turtle bring us together in surprising and mystical ways. Please share your sea turtle tales by going to the comment section of this blog and telling us your story!
Sea Turtle Restoration Booth wins at Houston Zoo!
Posted by Carole Allen on April 29th, 2008
Gulf Office of STRP
The Houston Zoo held Earth Day on April 19 and 20. The table assigned to Sea Turtle Restoration Project was always surrounded by children who made sea animal stencils on tiles they could take home. They also signed a scroll petition to send Governor Rick Perry asking him to protect Kemp's ridley sea turtles in the waters adjacent the Padre Island National Seashore.
The Earth Day sponsors thought the turtle table was best and picked it to receive a $500 check!
Rising Sea Level Threatens Leatherback Turtles Nesting Sites
Posted by Wenceslaus Magun on April 25th, 2008
Rising sea-levels are eroding the nesting sites and diverting leatherback turtles from their traditional sites and moving them to other sites.
In June 2007 during one of my field trips to STRP's pilot project sites in north coast about one and half hours drive from Madang town, in Papua New Guinea, I observed vast stretches of devastated sea shores, and beaches/dumes.
I recalled these scenic and pristine black sandy beaches that stretched for abaut 40 kilometers from Karkum through Mirap, Yadigam, Tokain, Malas, Dibor, and Sabente villages that we had visited in the fall of 2006 and wondered what impact these devastation will have on the surviving leatherback turtles that come to nest there.
Huge strong waves caused by rising sea levels and strong winds had spewed huge rocks, debris of dead trees, onto these dumes, leaving behind foot prints of many broken canoes, torn down village houses, exposed tree roots, uprooted trees, shrubs and destruction to the leatherback turtles nesting sites.
In the fall of 2006 I had been reliably informed by our STRP volunteers that about 10 leatherback turtles had come to nest along this bountiful beach. Sadly in the fall of 2007 we had witnessed only one leatherback turtle come to nest in Yadigam.
The drop in the number of leatherback turtles that come to nest may be caused by other eminent threats such as the commercial developments, overfishing using longlines and gillnets, pollution and marine debris but I cannot brush aside the fact that rising sea level is if not one of the major threats that needs immediate attention.
Two weeks ago I was fortunate to walk along the beach from Karkum to Mirap as we were doing the boundary survey using GPS, and was shown kilometers of beaches that are now under the sea that were 40 years ago homes to these village folks.
I have no doubt that this same experience will be told to the next generation decades later that the on shore boundary survey that we have just taken will be included under the offshore boundary and wondered whether there will be any more leatherback turtles left then to come and nest.
Sunset cruising for the sea turtles
Posted by Teri Shore on April 24th, 2008
Tomorrow night on April 25, we will be sailing San Francisco Bay on the Adventure Cat, a locally owned and crewed catamaran. We are delighted to have been invited on board by Jay Gardner, an environmentalist and sea turtle lover. Our leatherback campaigner Michael Milne, our development associate Maeve Murphy and I will be mingling with passengers and sharing tales of leatherback sea turtles that swim off the Pacific Coast. We hope the weather will be a bit warmer and sunnier than the last few days.
It is a trial run to see if people out on the Bay for a casual sail are interested in hearing about marine life, too! If so, we will try it again and invite some of you to join us! But you can always go anytime by reserving directly with Adventure Cat.
Want to know more about Leatherbacks?
Posted by Mike Milne on April 22nd, 2008
While online the other day, I came across this fascinating—albeit abit geeky—video on Leatherback turtle biology presented by Dr. Scott Eckert, Ph.D. a Scientist from Duke University interested in Marine Science & Conservation and an expert on sea turtles. This video may be long, but its worth watching as it describes some of the amazing talents and adaptations that made the Pacific Leatherback the only sea turtle to survive the asteroid that killed of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.
For instance, @ 51:55, Dr. Eckert begins to describe how Leatherbacks use their flippers in an entirely different way than other sea turtles, and how this allows Leatherbacks to make the transoceanic voyages across the entire Pacific Ocean from nesting beaches in Indonesia to feeding areas along the US West Coast. Their unique way of swimming—as well as their body shape and other qualities—makes them incredibly efficient at swimming long distances. In fact, satellite-tracking data suggests Leatherbacks travel an average of approximately 6,000-miles/year roaming around the oceans—that’s about 16.5 miles almost every single day of every year for decades on end.
For the Love of Tuna
Posted by Teri Shore on April 17th, 2008
Last night I had dinner at the school cafeteria at Dominican College in San Rafael, CA, with author Richard Ellis (Empty Ocean, many other books, new book is Tuna - a Love Story due out in July) whose lecture that evening was hosted by Pt. Reyes National Seashore. The meeting was interesting and inspiring because I also got to hobnob with Don Neubacher, Pt Reyes superintendent, and his staff Sarah Allen, marine mammal expert, Ben Becker, biologist, and Jessica the new outreach coordinator.
Mr. Ellis previewed his upcoming book "Tuna - A Love Story," due out in July from Alfred A. Knopf. Ellis is fascinating with his tales of the power and beauty of the big bluefin tuna. He also described the species' decline from penning and "farming" around the world to provide sashimi primarily for Japan.
I was mesmerized by these magnificient predators when I saw them at the Monterey Bay Aquarium.
Interesting facts include:
- Bluefin tuna and other tuna are warm blooded unlike other fish and can turn on and off this function
- Tuna penning/farming in the Mediteranean, South Australia and other parts of the world is devastating the species
- The Tokyo fish market has recently closed to outsiders to avoid criticism over Japan's voracious consumption of disappearing fish
- South Australians have for the first time ever bred wild bluefin in captivity.
Mr. Ellis has published numerous books and articles on the oceans and marine life, and is an accompllished painter. He also served on the International Whaling Commission, trying to stop commerical whaling around the globe. He generously signed my copy of "Empty Ocean." His next book is on polar bears!